Because of the involvement of different number of organs and the variability of the depth of the involvement of these organs, there are large numbers of signs which may be noticed and observed by the aged person or by the physician. Some of the signs are enumerated below.

AGEING changes in a person

BRAIN Changes

  • Slow memory loss
  • Fear and phobias
  • Lack of confidence
  • Lack of sleep
  • Dementia
  • Depression

FACIAL Changes

  • First signs of aging appear around eyes as drooping of upper eyelids, thus making eyes appears smaller. The upper lip also begins to sink.
  • Pale face (Anemia)


  • Reduced distant and near vision
  • Reduced hearing

SKIN Changes

  • Dull glow-less skin.
  • Sagging skin.
  • Dark spots over different parts of the body.
  • Lines & wrinkles on the face and the body
  • Skin wrinkles because it becomes thinner and less elastic.

  • Dry skin
  • Itching skin
  • It gets drier too as it makes less oil and sweat.
  • Thinning of skin, which starts bleeding on itching particularly on the shin of the leg.
  • Loosening of the skin
  • Patchy skin.
  • Open pores.

HAIR Changes

  • Thinning of hairs
  • Greying of hairs
  • Falling of hairs 

BODY Changes

  • Slow weight loss


  • Increased susceptibility to infection
  • Slow healing of the wounds
  •  Greater risk of heat stroke or hypothermia

KIDNEY Changes

  • Frequency of urination
  • Difficulty in starting urination or maintaining urinary flow (in men)

  • Sudden urgency to pass urine and difficulty in holding it (in men)

MUSCLE Changes

  • Weakness of muscles
  • Pain in the muscles on small exertions
  • Reduction in the girth of muscles
  • Decrease in the muscle power

GAIT Changes

  • Wide gait
  • Use of banister while using stairs
  • Slow pacing
  • Fear of falling on wet ground
  • Breathlessness on slight exertion or ongoing upstairs
  • Slight slow decrease in height. One can lose an inch height in about 30-40 years after the age of 30. 

BONE Changes

  • Backache
  • Greying of hairs
  • Falling of hairs 
  • Stooped posture
  • Bones become more visible as you store less fat beneath your Inside skin.
  • Bones become weak. Bones break on minor fall.

JOINTS Changes

  • Joint changes, ranging from minor stiffness to severe arthritis

DENTAL Changes

  • Clogging of food particles between the teeth
  • Dental caries
  • Loosening of teeth

BLOOD Changes

  • Increase in  blood pressure  
  • Pale face (Anemia)

HEART Changes

  • Heart pain of Angina
  • Myocardial infarction


  • Increased susceptibility to infection
  • Slow healing of the wounds
  •  Greater risk of heat stroke or hypothermia


  • Indigestion
  • Constipation

There can be many more signs of Ageing. With the mixture of signs related to different organs, thus ageing is a multidisciplinary disease and similarly the approach for the management of the aged should be multidisciplinary.

It may be possible that in spite of the care of aged by multiple specialists still their may not be any improvement. Under such circumstances other measures namely Indian System of Medicine, Antioxidant therapy, Hormonal Replacement, Stem Cell Therapy, Autoimmune Therapy, PRP Therapy, Telomere Therapy and many other modalities are in practice by different centers for Age Management which is perhaps the future.